The number of Jews living today in the world is still lower than in 1939 – how many Jews live today anywhere in the world?


From the data of the Central Bureau of Statistics of the State of Israel, it appears that the number of Jews in the world is about 15.7 million, of which 45% (about 7.1 million) live in Israel.

About 40% – (6.3 million), of the Jews in the world, live in the USA.

About 440 thousand Jews live in France (3%),

About 398 thousand in Canada (2.5%),

About 312 thousand in Great Britain (2%),

About 171 thousand in Argentina (2%),

About 132 thousand in Russia (1.1%),

About 125 thousand in Germany (0.8%)

About 117 thousand in Australia (0.7%).

For the purpose of comparison, in 1939, on the eve of World War II, the number of Jews in the world was 16.6 million, of which 449 thousand were in Israel (3%). In 1948, on the eve of the establishment of the state, the number of Jews in the world was 11.5 million, of which 650 thousand were in Israel (6%). In 2019, the number of Jews in the world was 14.8 million, of which 6.8 million lived in Israel. If the current growth rate continues – in a few years the number of Jews in the world will be higher than before the Holocaust.

Data on Holocaust survivors:

About 133 thousand Holocaust survivors and victims of anti-Semitic harassment during the Holocaust.

Among the 133 thousand Holocaust survivors living in Israel, 62% are women and 38% are men. About 43% of the survivors were born during World War II, in the years 1939-1945, and are 78-84 years old at the beginning of 2024. Another 36% of all survivors are 85-89 years old, and the rest are over 90 years old (about 20%).

About half of the Holocaust survivors are married to a Holocaust survivor spouse – 24.6 thousand out of 49.3 thousand. In other words, in Israel today live about 12,300 families in which both spouses are Holocaust survivors.

61.1% of Holocaust survivors living in Israel are born in Europe. Those born in the former Soviet Union are the largest group – 35.8%, another 10.8% are born in Romania and 4.9% born in Poland. 16.5% of Holocaust survivors are born in Morocco and about 2.1% born in Algeria who suffered from various restrictions during the Vichy regime, 10.9% are born in Iraq who experienced the events of the Farhood. The remaining 6.6% are from Tunisia and Libya.

The CBS data also shows that 6.2% of the survivors immigrated to Israel even before the establishment of the state. 30.5% of the survivors immigrated to Israel in the great wave of immigration after the establishment of the state (1948-1951). Another 29.8% immigrated in the years 1952-1989, and about a third (33.5%) immigrated since the 1990s, during the last wave of immigration from the countries of the former Soviet Union.

About 95% of the survivors live in urban settlements and about 5% in rural settlements, similar to the rest of the Jewish and other population in Israel. About a third of the survivors live in the big cities: about 9,000 in Haifa, about 8,500 in Jerusalem, about 5,400 in Tel Aviv-Jaffa, about 5,000 in each of the cities of Ashdod and Netanya, and about 4,000 in each of the cities of Be’er Sheva, Petah Tikva, and Rishon Lezion. About 10% of the total Holocaust survivors live in institutions, similar to their proportion of the total adult population among the Jews and the others – 9%.

As of the end of February, approximately 1,500 Holocaust survivors were evacuated from their homes in the north and south of the country – following the war. Most of them (80%) were evacuated to hotels in the cities of Eilat, Jerusalem, Tel Aviv-Jaffa and Tiberias.

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